Specific Learning Disability (SLD)

    This classification is the one that most students are classified as. In accordance with 6A:14  a severe discrepancy methodology is utilized for determining for a specific learning disability (SLD). This methodology determines whether there is a severe discrepancy between achievement and ability that is not correctable without special education and related services.  A statistical formula to determine if there is a severe discrepancy between a student’s intellectual score and his/her academic scores as measured by standardized norm referenced individually administered tests. The difference between the two tests needs to be at the .05 level of significance. That means we are 95% sure the difference is a real difference and not due to statistical error. Using this model one would expect 8% of the school population to be eligible for services

    Determination of eligibility must include:

    • What is the specific learning disability
    • Relevant behavior noted during observation that substantiates results of individualized standardized testing
    • A statement regarding can this severe discrepancy be corrected without special education and related services

    If the problem is due to :

    • Environmental (lack of stimulation or experience)
    • Cultural or
    • Economic Disadvantage

    The student would not be considered eligible under this category. A student would also not be considered eligible if their difficulty in learning is due to

    • Lack of instruction in reading
    • Lack of instruction in math
    • Limited English proficiency

    To be eligible the discrepancy must be in one of the following areas:

    • Oral expression
    • Listening comprehension
    • Written expression
    • Basic reading skill (phonics)
    • Reading fluency (speed and smoothness)
    • Reading comprehension
    • Mathematics calculation
    • Mathematics problem solving